Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two different bones meet.
A joint functions to move the body parts connected by its bones. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints.
Arthritis is frequently accompanied byjoint pain. Joint pain is referred to asarthralgia.
There are many types of arthritis (over 100 identified, and the number is growing). The types range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis)
to those associated with inflammation resulting from an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis).
Arthritis is classified as one of the rheumatic diseases.
They are similar in that they have a tendency to affect the joints, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons, and many have the potential to affect other internal body areas.
Symptoms of Joint Pain:
Pain located also to the left or right of your lower back. The pain can range from an ache to a sharp pain which can limit movement.
The pain may give out out into your buttocks and low back and will often radiate to the front into the groin. Occasionally it is accountable for pain in the testicles among males.
Occasionally there may be referred pain into the lower limb which can be wrong for sciatica.
Classic symptoms are complexity turning over in bed, stressed to put on shoes and socks and pain receiving your legs in and out of the car.
Joint pain can be cause by many types of injuries or circumstances. No matter what causes it, joint pain can be very troublesome. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes rigidity and pain in the joints. Osteoarthritis involves growth of bone spurs and deterioration of cartilage at a joint. It is very ordinary in adults older than 45 and can cause joint pain. Millions of persons are adversely exaggerated by joint pain. For a number of these people the pain can be incapacitating. Joint pain can result from many types of injuries or circumstances. Injuries can impact any of the ligaments, bursae, or tendons around the joints.
The pain can often be divided into neck pain, upper back pain, lower back pain or tailbone pain. It may have a sudden onset or can be a chronic pain; it can be constant or intermittent, stay in one place or radiate to other areas. It may be a dull ache, or a sharp or piercing or burning sensation. The pain may be radiate into the arm and hand), in the upper back, or in the low back, (and might radiate into the leg or foot), and may include symptoms other than pain, such as weakness, numbness or tingling.
The first step to understanding the various causes of low back pain is learning about the normal design (anatomy) of the tissues of this area. Important structures of the low back that can be related to symptoms there include the bony lumbar spine (vertebrae, singular = vertebra), discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.
The bony lumbar spine is designed so that vertebrae "stacked" together can provide a movable support structure while also protecting the spinal cord (nervous tissue that extends down the spinal column from the brain) from injury. Each vertebrae has a spinous process, a bony prominence behind the spinal cord, which shields the cord's nervous tissue. They also have a strong bony "body" in front of the spinal cord to provide a platform suitable for weight bearing of all tissues above the buttocks. The lumbar vertebrae stack immediately atop the sacrum bone in between the buttocks. On each side, the sacrum meets the iliac bone of the pelvis to form the sacroiliac joint of the buttocks.
What are causes of sciatica?
While sciatica is most commonly a result of a disc herniation directly pressing on the nerve, any cause of irritation or inflammation of this nerve can reproduce the symptoms of sciatica. These causes include irritation of the nerve from adjacent bone, tumors, muscle, internal bleeding, infections, injury, and other causes.
Sciatica is pain resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve. The pain of sciatica is typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb.
What causes frozen shoulder?
Most often, frozen shoulder occurs with no associated injury or discernible cause. There are patients who develop a frozen shoulder after a traumatic injury to the shoulder, but this is not the usual cause.
Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, is a condition that causes restriction of motion in the shoulder joint. The cause of a frozen shoulder is not well understood, but it often occurs for no known reason. Frozen shoulder causes the capsule surrounding the shoulder joint to contract and form scar tissue.
Spondylosis is a common degenerative joint disease that is due to aging and time related wear and tear on the vertebrae (bones) of the neck and back. The deterioration of spondylosis also affects the cartilage, a slippery substance that helps bones to move easily, and the discs, which are pillow-like tissues between the vertebrae that cushion movement of the neck and back. Spondylosis can lead to abnormal growths (bone spurs) on the vertebrae, spinal osteoarthritis, chronic pain, and disability.
It is possible that a diagnosis of spondylosis can be missed or delayed because people generally have no symptoms in early stages of the condition. Symptoms of spondylosis can also be similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions. For more information on misdiagnosis and other diseases and disorders that can mimic spondylosis, refer to misdiagnosis of spondylosis.
Treatment for spondylosis varies depending on the severity of symptoms, the presence of complications, a person's age and medical history, and other factors.
Spondylosis cannot be cured, but treatment can help to reduce symptoms. Treatment can include a combination of medication, exercise, physical therapy, and surgery.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause inflammation of the tissue around the joints, as well as in other organs in the body. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses that occur when the body's tissues are mistakenly attacked by their own immune system. The immune system contains a complex organization of cells and antibodies designed normally to "seek and destroy" invaders of the body, particularly infections. Patients with autoimmune diseases have antibodies in their blood that target their own body tissues, where they can be associated with inflammation.
Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease.
While rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic illness, meaning it can last for years, patients may experience long periods without symptoms. However, rheumatoid arthritis is typically a progressive illness that has the potential to cause joint destruction and functional disability.
Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones.
Normal bone is composed of protein, collagen, and calcium all of which give bone its strength. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break (fracture) with relatively minor injury that normally would not cause a bone to fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking (as in a hip fracture) or collapsing (as in a compression fracture of the vertebrae of the spine). The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis although osteoporosis-related fractures can occur in almost any skeletal bone.